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Author Topic: [FreeBSD] Free memory  (Read 1234 times)

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NanoSoftTech

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[FreeBSD] Free memory
« on: July 10, 2014, 04:29:50 pm »




FreeBSD find out RAM size including total amount of free and used memory sizeby NIX CRAFT on JUNE 30, 2007 · 16 COMMENTS· LAST UPDATED NOVEMBER 28, 2008[/i][/size]
[/color]in FREEBSD, HARDWARE, PERL[/i]
[/color]Q. How do I find out RAM size / memory size in FreeBSD? How do I display amount of free and used memory in the system?
A. To displays the total amount of free and used physical and swap memory in the system, as well as the buffers used by the kernel you need to install special script Most user use sysctal command to get all data. There is a perl script that automates everything and display back result on screen.
This script query the system through the generic sysctl interface. The sysctl utility retrieves kernel state and allows processes with appropriate privilege to set kernel state. You must have perl installed on FreeBSD.[/size][size=1.286em]FreeBSD command about RAM size and informationDownload perl script which is written by Ralf S. Engelschall:
[/size][size=0.857em]# fetch http://www.cyberciti.biz/files/scripts/freebsd-memory.pl.txt# mv freebsd-memory.pl.txt /usr/local/bin/free# chmod +x /usr/local/bin/free[/size][/size][size=1.286em]Make sure perl is installed. Now to display or list total system memory usage type[/size][size=0.857em]$ free[/size]Output:
[/size][size=0.857em]SYSTEM MEMORY INFORMATION: mem_wire:          25341952 (     24MB) [  9%] Wired: disabled for paging out mem_active:  +     47529984 (     45MB) [ 18%] Active: recently referenced mem_inactive:+     15605760 (     14MB) [  6%] Inactive: recently not referenced mem_cache:   +        16384 (      0MB) [  0%] Cached: almost avail. for allocation mem_free:    +    165556224 (    157MB) [ 65%] Free: fully available for allocation mem_gap_vm:  +       389120 (      0MB) [  0%] Memory gap: UNKNOWN -------------- ------------ ----------- ------ mem_all:     =    254439424 (    242MB) [100%] Total real memory managed mem_gap_sys: +      4988928 (      4MB)        Memory gap: Kernel?! -------------- ------------ ----------- mem_phys:    =    259428352 (    247MB)        Total real memory available mem_gap_hw:  +      9007104 (      8MB)        Memory gap: Segment Mappings?! -------------- ------------ ----------- mem_hw:      =    268435456 (    256MB)        Total real memory installed SYSTEM MEMORY SUMMARY: mem_used:          87257088 (     83MB) [ 32%] Logically used memory mem_avail:   +    181178368 (    172MB) [ 67%] Logically available memory -------------- ------------ ----------- ------ mem_total:   =    268435456 (    256MB) [100%] Logically total memory[/size][/size][size=1.286em]Linux like free command for FreeBSDFreecolor is a free replacement that displays free memory graphically as a bargraph. It supports the same options as free. Install freecolor, enter:[/size][size=0.857em]# cd /usr/ports/sysutils/freecolor# make install clean[/size][/size][size=1.286em]To see memory details, enter:[/size][size=0.857em]$ freecolor -m -o[/size]Sample output:
[/size][size=0.857em]             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached Mem:          4082        825       3256          0          0        117 Swap:         2048          0       2047 [/size][/size][size=0.857em]$ freecolor -t -m -o[/size]Sample output:
[/size][size=0.857em]             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached Mem:          4082        825       3256          0          0        117 Swap:         2048          0       2047 Total:        6130 = (     826 (used) +     5421 (free))[/size]


http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/freebsd-command-to-get-ram-information/








#!/usr/bin/perl ## ##  freebsd-memory -- List Total System Memory Usage ##  Copyright (c) 2003-2004 Ralf S. Engelschall <rse@engelschall.com> ## ##  Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without ##  modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions ##  are met: ##  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright ##     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. ##  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright ##     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the ##     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. ## ##  THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ##  ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE ##  IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ##  ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE ##  FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL ##  DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS ##  OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) ##  HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT ##  LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY ##  OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF ##  SUCH DAMAGE. ## #   query the system through the generic sysctl(8) interface #   (this does not require special priviledges) my $sysctl = {}; my $sysctl_output = `/sbin/sysctl -a`; foreach my $line (split(/\n/, $sysctl_output)) { if ($line =~ m/^([^:]+):\s+(.+)\s*$/s) { $sysctl->{$1} = $2; } } #   round the physical memory size to the next power of two which is #   reasonable for memory cards. We do this by first determining the #   guessed memory card size under the assumption that usual computer #   hardware has an average of a maximally eight memory cards installed #   and those are usually of equal size. sub mem_rounded { my ($mem_size) = @_; my $chip_size  = 1; my $chip_guess = ($mem_size / 8) - 1; while ($chip_guess != 0) { $chip_guess >>= 1; $chip_size  <<= 1; } my $mem_round = (int($mem_size / $chip_size) + 1) * $chip_size; return $mem_round; } #   determine the individual known information #   NOTICE: forget hw.usermem, it is just (hw.physmem - vm.stats.vm.v_wire_count). #   NOTICE: forget vm.stats.misc.zero_page_count, it is just the subset of #           vm.stats.vm.v_free_count which is already pre-zeroed. my $mem_hw        = &mem_rounded($sysctl->{"hw.physmem"}); my $mem_phys      = $sysctl->{"hw.physmem"}; my $mem_all       = $sysctl->{"vm.stats.vm.v_page_count"}      * $sysctl->{"hw.pagesize"}; my $mem_wire      = $sysctl->{"vm.stats.vm.v_wire_count"}      * $sysctl->{"hw.pagesize"}; my $mem_active    = $sysctl->{"vm.stats.vm.v_active_count"}    * $sysctl->{"hw.pagesize"}; my $mem_inactive  = $sysctl->{"vm.stats.vm.v_inactive_count"}  * $sysctl->{"hw.pagesize"}; my $mem_cache     = $sysctl->{"vm.stats.vm.v_cache_count"}     * $sysctl->{"hw.pagesize"}; my $mem_free      = $sysctl->{"vm.stats.vm.v_free_count"}      * $sysctl->{"hw.pagesize"}; #   determine the individual unknown information my $mem_gap_vm    = $mem_all - ($mem_wire + $mem_active + $mem_inactive + $mem_cache + $mem_free); my $mem_gap_sys   = $mem_phys - $mem_all; my $mem_gap_hw    = $mem_hw   - $mem_phys; #   determine logical summary information my $mem_total = $mem_hw; my $mem_avail = $mem_inactive + $mem_cache + $mem_free; my $mem_used  = $mem_total - $mem_avail; #   information annotations my $info = { "mem_wire"     => 'Wired: disabled for paging out', "mem_active"   => 'Active: recently referenced', "mem_inactive" => 'Inactive: recently not referenced', "mem_cache"    => 'Cached: almost avail. for allocation', "mem_free"     => 'Free: fully available for allocation', "mem_gap_vm"   => 'Memory gap: UNKNOWN', "mem_all"      => 'Total real memory managed', "mem_gap_sys"  => 'Memory gap: Kernel?!', "mem_phys"     => 'Total real memory available', "mem_gap_hw"   => 'Memory gap: Segment Mappings?!', "mem_hw"       => 'Total real memory installed', "mem_used"     => 'Logically used memory', "mem_avail"    => 'Logically available memory', "mem_total"    => 'Logically total memory', }; #   print system results printf("SYSTEM MEMORY INFORMATION:\n"); printf("mem_wire:      %12d (%7dMB) [%3d%%] %s\n", $mem_wire,     $mem_wire     / (1024*1024), ($mem_wire     / $mem_all) * 100, $info->{"mem_wire"}); printf("mem_active:  + %12d (%7dMB) [%3d%%] %s\n", $mem_active,   $mem_active   / (1024*1024), ($mem_active   / $mem_all) * 100, $info->{"mem_active"}); printf("mem_inactive:+ %12d (%7dMB) [%3d%%] %s\n", $mem_inactive, $mem_inactive / (1024*1024), ($mem_inactive / $mem_all) * 100, $info->{"mem_inactive"}); printf("mem_cache:   + %12d (%7dMB) [%3d%%] %s\n", $mem_cache,    $mem_cache    / (1024*1024), ($mem_cache    / $mem_all) * 100, $info->{"mem_cache"}); printf("mem_free:    + %12d (%7dMB) [%3d%%] %s\n", $mem_free,     $mem_free     / (1024*1024), ($mem_free     / $mem_all) * 100, $info->{"mem_free"}); printf("mem_gap_vm:  + %12d (%7dMB) [%3d%%] %s\n", $mem_gap_vm,   $mem_gap_vm   / (1024*1024), ($mem_gap_vm   / $mem_all) * 100, $info->{"mem_gap_vm"}); printf("-------------- ------------ ----------- ------\n"); printf("mem_all:     = %12d (%7dMB) [100%%] %s\n", $mem_all,      $mem_all      / (1024*1024), $info->{"mem_all"}); printf("mem_gap_sys: + %12d (%7dMB)        %s\n",  $mem_gap_sys,  $mem_gap_sys  / (1024*1024), $info->{"mem_gap_sys"}); printf("-------------- ------------ -----------\n"); printf("mem_phys:    = %12d (%7dMB)        %s\n",  $mem_phys,     $mem_phys     / (1024*1024), $info->{"mem_phys"}); printf("mem_gap_hw:  + %12d (%7dMB)        %s\n",  $mem_gap_hw,   $mem_gap_hw   / (1024*1024), $info->{"mem_gap_hw"}); printf("-------------- ------------ -----------\n"); printf("mem_hw:      = %12d (%7dMB)        %s\n",  $mem_hw,       $mem_hw       / (1024*1024), $info->{"mem_hw"}); #   print logical results printf("\n"); printf("SYSTEM MEMORY SUMMARY:\n"); printf("mem_used:      %12d (%7dMB) [%3d%%] %s\n", $mem_used,  $mem_used  / (1024*1024), ($mem_used  / $mem_total) * 100, $info->{"mem_used"}); printf("mem_avail:   + %12d (%7dMB) [%3d%%] %s\n", $mem_avail, $mem_avail / (1024*1024), ($mem_avail / $mem_total) * 100, $info->{"mem_avail"}); printf("-------------- ------------ ----------- ------\n"); printf("mem_total:   = %12d (%7dMB) [100%%] %s\n", $mem_total, $mem_total / (1024*1024), $info->{"mem_total"});




http://www.cyberciti.biz/files/scripts/freebsd-memory.pl.txt

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